A medical doctor and epidemiologist (MD-PhD) by training, Dr Carlos Dora has a distinguished career in public health and environmental issues. At WHO, he is coordinator of the Unit "Interventions for Healthy Environments" which is part of the Department of Public Health and Environment. In this capacity, he has spearheaded efforts to bring together the various types of Health Impact Assessment (HIA) at the global level, in particular by organising the April 2010 conference in Geneva, which focused on HIA in Cities and HIA in Extractive Industries.
Dr Dora works on the interface between knowledge and practice. At WHO, he previously developed a programme on the environmental health implications of transport policies, and before that he worked on environmental health problems in Eastern Europe. He has also served as a senior policy analyst at the WHO Director General's office. As part of the WHO transport programme, he has led assessments of the evidence for transport and health links, has analysed economic and policy implications of not taking health into account of those policies, including how the situation may be improved by international law .
Before joining WHO, he worked in environmental epidemiology at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, where his Ph.D. thesis involved a retrospective cohort study on risk factors for cardiovascular disease in developing countries. Before that, he worked in internal medicine, in post-graduate medical training and in the organization of local preventive and health care services in Brazil and the United Kingdom.
Selection of publications and resources
- Carlos Dora . Health, Hazards and Public Debate: Lessons for Risk Communication from the Bse/cdj Saga. World Health Organization, 2005.
- Carlos Dora . Transport, Environment and Health. World Health Organization, 2000.
- Carlos Dora . Environment and Health. World Health Organization Regional Office, 1996.
- Andy Haines, George Alleyne, Ilona Kickbusch, Carlos Dora. From the Earth Summit to Rio+20: integration of health and sustainable development. Lancet, 379(9832), pp. 2189-2197 (2012).
- Haines A, Dora C. How the low carbon economy can improve health. BMJ 344:e1018 (2012).
- Krzyzanowski M, Dora C, Bruce N. Improvement of air quality in low-income countries. Lancet 377(9781):1920 (2011).
- Dannenberg AL, Bhatia R, Cole BL, Dora C, Fielding JE, Kraft K, McClymont-Peace D, Mindell J, Onyekere C, Roberts JA, Ross CL, Rutt CD, Scott-Samuel A, Tilson HH. Growing the field of health impact assessment in the United States: an agenda for research and practice. Am J Public Health. 96(2), pp. 262-70 (2006).
- Dora C. What can health impact assessment add to comparative risk assessment in decision-making? Bulletin of the World Health Organization 81(6), pp. 460 (2003).
- Carlos Dora . Including Health in Transport Policy Agendas: The role of health impact assessment analyses and procedures. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 81 (2003).