Professor Manuel Cesario, MD, PhD, FLS is a Medical Doctor specialized in Community Health (Université Paris VII, 1986), with PhD in Human Ecology / Sustainable Development / Collective Health (University of Edinburgh, 1998), and spent his 2005-2006 Sabbatical Leave at the University of Oxford and at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Diseases exploring Early Warning Systems for Infectious Diseases in Amazonia. Dr. Cesario is Professor of Environmental Change and Sustainability at the University of Franca’s Graduate Programme on Health Promotion, Coordinator of the FAPESP Thematic Project on Climate Change and Health (2011-2014) at the University of Franca, and is the founder and President of the Amazon Observatory on Sustainability, Health and Global Change Research Institute – AIAOASSCA. He has been working on the Amazon Region for more than 25 years, and living in the Acre State since 2002. Professor Cesario coordinated the International Human Dimensions Programme’s Task Force on Global Environmental Change and Human Health, sits on the Scientific Steering Committee of the Earth System Science Partnership Joint Project on Global Environmental Change and Human Health, as well as at the Steering Committee of the International Union of Forest Research Organization’s Task Force on Forests and Human Health, and is a Fellow of the Linnean Society of London. He is at the University of Franca, Brazil, the Graduate Programme on Health Promotion, which hosts the comprehensive FAPESP Thematic Research Project on Climate Change and Vector-borne Diseases in South-western Amazonia, and participates at the Amazon Observatory on Sustainability, Health and Global Change Research Institute – AIAOASSCA.